The most frequent traumatic injury occurring in acyclic, power and speed sports is patellar tendinitis, also known as jumper’s knee. This specific inflammation, which is caused by overloading upon landing after a jump, requires a complex approach to treatment and gradual physical rehabilitation. Let’s look at the best Treatment Options for Jumper’s Knee.
Causes of jumper’s knee syndrome
This is an occupational disease that affects 40-50% of athletes in athletics, volleyball, basketball, long jump and high jump to a greater or lesser extent. It is associated with an extreme, considerably heavier load than the body weight, transferred to the patellar ligament when landing on a hard surface. This provokes tendinopathy:
- excessive training;
- repeated micro-traumatisation of the patella;
- lack of proper warm-up before exercising;
- sudden, sudden increase in the volume of exercise;
- traumatic injuries;
- congenital and acquired abnormalities of the knee joint.
Jumper’s knee symptoms
The most characteristic symptom of “jumping knee” is pain. It can be localised in the upper or lower pole of the kneecap, or in the tuberosity of the tibia. When bending the knee, the pain increases and there is an unpleasant feeling of stiffness and tightness. If reactive inflammation develops, the area becomes red and swollen. At first, the soreness only appears after exercising. As the condition worsens, the pain recurs during exercise, when climbing or descending stairs, or after prolonged sitting. If not treated promptly, the symptoms become widespread and can last for months or even years.
Magnetic resonance imaging is recognised as the most effective method of choice to visualise the cartilage and connective tissue in the knee joint. This painless and safe technology evaluates the condition and extent of damage to the patellar ligament as accurately as possible and identifies dysplastic processes that are not visible on X-ray and ultrasound.
How is patellofemoral syndrome treated?
Musculoskeletal pathologies accompanied by aseptic tendon inflammation are the responsibility of an orthopaedic traumatologist. In the early stages of the disease, conservative treatment of the jumper’s knee is prescribed. The complex of therapeutic measures includes:
- medication to relieve inflammation and pain relief;
- extracorporeal shockwave therapy;
- drug electrophoresis;
- orthotics of the knee joint.
Chronic tendonitis with complete rupture of the patellar ligament requires surgical removal of the modified tissue. Active sports training is strictly prohibited until the rehabilitation period is complete.