Exercise and physical activity do not only lead to a healthy lifestyle, but also to things like sports injuries. Unfortunately, if your profession is directly related to sport, the presence of heavy loads increases your chances of getting injured. Knee injuries are one of the most common sports injuries, as the knee itself is a rather fragile part of the human body and therefore more prone to risk. In this article we will look at Sports with the Highest Incidence of Knee Injuries. We will also look at the main types of knee problems in athletes.
Causes of knee injuries
One of the most common injuries to the knee joint during sport is meniscus and cruciate ligament injuries. These can occur due to several causes, namely
Excessively sudden rotational movement performed on the supporting leg;
When moving in a way that is not typical of normal walking;
By direct impact with the knee.
The most dangerous sports for the knee
Every sport carries a risk of injury. But there are some sports, however, that are far more likely to be injured than others. The sports with the highest knee injury risk are football, martial arts, ice hockey and downhill skiing. They are followed by tennis, basketball, rugby and handball.
Meniscus injury in sports
The meniscus is the joint controller of the knee and helps distribute the load on the knee. Damage to the meniscus results in a blockage of the knee joint, which prevents the user from fully straightening their leg. This in itself prevents the athlete from moving about normally. If the meniscus injury damages the cartilage, the articular surfaces come into contact, which then leads to the destruction of the joint itself.
Anterior cruciate ligament
While the meniscus is responsible for controlling all knee joints, the cruciate ligament is responsible for controlling the lower leg, or more precisely, stopping it from moving. Treatment for cruciate ligament injuries is always complex. First the trauma surgeon examines the injury visually, and after that an MRI scan is performed. The next step is surgery and the final step is rehabilitation. All stages are supervised by the attending physician.
Stability disorder of the patella
Injuries to the patella are less frequent, but no less serious. This is associated with sudden twists and turns, especially when jumping, but also in sporting events and dancing. All these movements provoke dislocations, which disrupt the integrity of the ligaments and lead to instability of the patella.