Exercises after knee surgery or knee injury help the leg regain functionality by increasing the flexion and extension range of motion of the joint, improving muscle tone and strengthening the ligaments that surround the knee joint. In order to avoid possible complications, it is recommended to start active rehabilitation of the knee joint only after a doctor’s approval. In the initial phase, passive methods of knee rehabilitation are recommended. In this article we will look at the Best Water Exercises for Knee Injury Rehab.
In non-medication treatment, proper exercise and regular physical therapy, including swimming, are of paramount importance. Joints need movement, and the main focus of exercise should be on cyclical movements in the joints and strengthening the muscles of the limb. This can be either simple exercises performed at home – walking, swimming, repeated straight leg raising in the prone position, bending and unbending the knee joint, raising on toes – or more specialised exercises on cyclic machines and with an instructor. You should avoid pronounced axial loads on the leg, running, lifting weights, jumping, and uncoordinated movements.
Why it is important to extend and flex the leg after injury or surgery
One of the most annoying complications of joint immobility is the development of disabling contractures. Prolonged periods of inactivity in a cast can lead to soft tissue adhesions that can stick together and stick to one another. The lack of movement reduces local metabolism and the soft tissue essentially recovers from the position in which the leg has been in for a long time. Later on, it is the condition of the soft tissues that can make it very difficult to extend and flex the leg. Even with perfect reconstructive surgery or a perfectly healed fracture, contractures continue to severely limit the range of motion of the joint.
Exercises after knee operation, knee injury
General information: your recovery speed and success rate depend directly on your motivation and perseverance. Your recovery mindset, tolerance for any discomfort that may arise during the recovery and your efforts to regain your former activities will speed up the recovery process considerably. Exercising in water can be an excellent solution, as the load on the joint will be adjustable and you will be able to achieve better results.
Gradually increase the frequency of the exercises as your muscles and joints get stronger. You can ask for help at the beginning of the exercise, but the result of the exercise should be that you do all the exercises yourself. Swimming is also an excellent way to regain motor function and it is possible to start exercising in the pool after the doctor has removed the cast or the incisions after surgery have healed. Some of the exercises may even be more effective if done in the water.